Facility Information | Children's Residential (2022)

The Community Care Licensing Division (CCLD), Children’s Residential Program licenses several categories of children’s community care facilities. CCLD is responsible for all aspects of licensing and the enforcement of Title 22 licensing regulations and interim licensing standards. Some of the licensing functions include: conducting orientations, application review and processing, providing oversight of the homes/facilities, consultation, technical assistance, conducting complaint investigations, participating in legal consultations, processing administrative actions, and caregiver background checks. A brief description of each licensed children’s residential category and program are as follows:

Crisis Nursery

A facility licensed to provide short-term, 24-hour non-medical residential care and supervision for children under six years of age, who are placed by a parent or legal guardian due to a family crisis or a stressful situation, for no more than 30 days.

Adoption Agency (AA)

Nonprofit organizations licensed to assist with the permanent placement of children to adoptive parents. The AA is governed by the Community Care Facilities Act.

There are two types of AA:

Full-service adoption agency: A licensed entity providing adoption services, that does all of the following: (A) Takes responsibility for the care, custody, and control of a child from when the child is placed with the agency or when there has been an involuntary termination of parental rights to the child. (B) Assesses the birth parents, prospective adoptive parents, or child. (C) Places children for adoption. (D) Supervises adoptive placements.

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Noncustodial adoption agency: A licensed entity providing adoption services, that does all of the following: (A) Assesses the prospective adoptive parents. (B) Cooperatively matches children freed for adoption, who are under the care, custody, and control of a licensed adoption agency, for adoption, with assessed and approved adoptive applicants. (C) Cooperatively supervises adoption placements with a full-service adoptive agency, but does not disrupt a placement or remove a child from a placement.

Foster Family Agency (FFA) and the Foster Family Agency Suboffice

A foster family agency is a public agency or private organization, organized and operated on a nonprofit basis that does any of the following: (A) Recruiting, certifying, approving, providing training for, and providing professional support to, foster parents and Resource Families. (B) Coordinates with county placing agencies to find homes for foster children in need of care. (C) Provides services and supports to licensed or certified foster parents, county-approved Resource Families, and children. An FFA suboffice is any additional, independently licensed office set up by the foster family agency to supplement the services provided by the administrative office.

Types of homes overseen by FFA and FFA suboffices are:

Resource Family Approved Home (RFA): After January 1, 2017, individuals applying to provide care for a foster child will apply though the resource family approval (RFA) process. By January 2019, all certified family homes must be converted to Resource Families. The RFA process will streamline and eliminate the duplication of existing processes, unify approval standards for all caregivers regardless of the child’s case plan, include a comprehensive psychosocial assessment, home environment check and training for all families (including relatives), prepare families to better meet the needs of vulnerable children in the foster care system and allow a seamless transition to permanency.

Certified Family Home (CFH): Currently CFHs are foster parents certified by an FFA to provide care for six or fewer foster children in their own home. The home may include their children and/or family members and be a home which is owned or rented. The placement may be by a public or private child placement agency or by a court order, or by voluntary placement by a parent, parents, or guardian. FFAs are now converting CFHs through the Resource Family Approval process.

Licensed Foster Family Home (FFH)

In order to care or continue to care for a child or nonminor dependent in foster care, all state and county licensed homes must be approved as Resource Families no later than December 31, 2019. If you have any questions please contact RFA@dss.ca.gov.

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An FFH is a home where a county or state licensed foster parent provides care for six or fewer foster children (or up to eight if they are a sibling group) in their own home. The home may include their children and/or family members and be a home which is owned or rented. The placement may be by a public or private child placement agency or by a court order, or by voluntary placement by a parent, parents, or guardian.

CDSS Licensing Program provides consultation, technical assistance and training to 39 California counties who are charged with enforcing Title-22 FFH licensing regulation and Interim Licensing Standards.

The 39 contracted counties are Alameda, Butte, Contra Costa, Del Norte, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Imperial, Inyo, Kern, Kings, Marin, Mariposa, Merced, Monterey, Napa, Orange, Placer, Sacramento, San Benito, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Francisco, San Joaquin, San Luis Obispo, San Mateo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Shasta, Siskiyou, Sonoma, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Tuolumne, Ventura, and Yuba.

Small Family Homes (SFH)

A facility or home, that provides 24 hour care for six or fewer children who have mental health disabilities, or developmental, or physical disabilities and who require special care and supervision as a result of their disabilities. A small family home may accept children with special health care needs. In addition to accepting children with specialhealth care needs, the department may approve placement of children without special health care needs, up to the licensed capacity.

Group Home (GH)

A GH provides 24-hour non-medical care and supervision to children and nonminor dependents up to age 19, in a structured environment, with services provided by persons employed by the licensee. Children in a GH are in treatment programs under court jurisdiction or as dependent children removed from their homes because of abuse, neglect, or abandonment.

GHs include five subcategories:

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Community Treatment Facility (CTF): A CTF provides 24-hour non-medical care andmental health treatment services to children in a secure environment, which are less restrictive than ahospital. A facility's program design is subject to program standards developed and enforced by the State Department of Health Care Services (DHCS).

Care for Children Under the Age of Six: A GH program which provides care for children under the age of six years who are dependents of the court, regional center placements, or voluntary placements who are not accompanied by the minorparent.

Minor-Parent Program: A GH program that serves pregnant minors and minor parents with children younger than six years of age, who are dependents of the court, nondependent, voluntary and/or regional center placements, and reside in the GH with the minor-parent, who is the primary caregiver of the young child.

Enhanced Behavioral Supports Home: A facility certified by the State Department of Developmental Services (DDS) and licensed by CCLD as a group home that provides 24-hour non-medical care to individuals with developmental disabilities who require enhanced behavioral supports, staffing, and supervision in a homelike setting. An enhanced behavioral supports home has a maximum capacity of four residents.

Youth Homelessness Prevention Programs: A Youth Homelessness Prevention Center is a nonprofit group home licensed by the Department to provide voluntary, short-term shelter and personal services for up to 25 participants who are homeless youth, youth who are at risk of homelessness, youth who are exhibiting status offender behavior, or runaway youth who are 12 to 17 years of age, inclusive, or 18 years of age if the youth is completing high school or its equivalent.

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Short-Term Residential Therapeutic Program (STRTP)

A residential facility licensed by CCLD and operated by a public agency or private organization that provides short-term, specialized, and intensive therapeutic and 24-hour care and supervision to children. The care and supervision provided by an STRTP shall be non-medical, except as otherwise permitted by law.

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There are two subcategories of STRTP:

Care for Children Under the Age of Six: An STRTP which provides care for children under the age of six years who are dependent of the court, regional center placements or voluntary placements who are not accompanied by the minor parent.

Dependent and Nonminor Dependent-Parent Program: An STRTP that cares for minor or nonminor dependents who are pregnant or parenting children younger than six years of age, who are dependents of the court, nondependent, voluntary and/or regional center placements, and reside in the STRTP with the minor or nonminor dependent parent, who is the primary caregiver of the young child.

Out-of-State Group Homes

The Out-of-State GH provides residential care for the State’s most difficult juvenile court wards and dependents whose needs cannot be met in a California licensed GH. Counties identify out of state facilities that provide unique programs for children not available in California. Licensing staff certify these out of state facilities and monitor the facilities for compliance with California laws and regulation. Out-of-state GHs are generally larger in size than six bed GHs typical of California. CDSS may only certify an Out-of-State GH that meets the same standards required in California.

Family Code 7900-7912

Temporary Shelter Care Facility

A temporary shelter care facility is a facility owned and operated by the county or on behalf of a county by a private, nonprofit agency that provides for 24-hour non-medical care for up to 10 calendar days, for children under 18 years of age who have been removed from their homes as a result of abuse or neglect. During the child’s stay, the county is identifying and placing the child with a suitable family member or in an appropriate licensed or approved home or facility.

Transitional Housing Placement Program (THPP)

A licensed provider who operates programs which include supportive housing and a wide range of supportive services to youth from 16 to 21years of age, who are in or were formally in foster care on their 18th birthday. Supportive services shall include: counseling, educational guidance, employment counseling, job training and assistance reaching emancipation goals outlined in a participant’s Transitional Independent Living Plan, the emancipation readiness portion of a youths’ case plan.

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The THPP may oversee two types of programs:

Transitional Housing Placement Program: An independent living program that serves foster children at least 16 years of age and not more than 18 years of age.

Transitional Housing Placement + Foster Care Program (THP + FC): An independent living program that serves youth age 18 to 21 who are in foster care or who had been in foster care at age 18.


What is residential services for children? ›

Residential care for children/children's homes, are there to ensure that the needs of children are met when they cannot live with their own family. They are a place for children to develop and grow, as well as providing food, shelter, space for play and leisure in a caring environment.

What is the difference between foster care and residential care? ›

A residential unit is larger than a foster home. There are more adults in a residential Unit, who are professional staff. They do not live in the home but work there on shifts.

Which legislation sets out duties within residential homes for children? ›

1.34 The Children Act (1989) sets out many of the duties, powers and responsibilities local authorities hold in respect of their looked after children and care leavers. In 2015 new regulations relating to the Children Act came in to force.

What is therapeutic residential care? ›

Therapeutic residential care

The Social Care Institute for Excellence (SCIE) states that 'therapeutic approaches' is a term used to describe ways of working in which residential child care workers use a therapeutic perspective in their day-to-day social work with children and young people.

Why do children end up in residential care? ›

Children are often placed in residential care once other placement options, such as foster care, have been unsuccessful (only around a quarter have a children's home as their first placement). Therefore, children living in children's homes have often experienced multiple previous placements and carers.

Why might children be placed in residential settings? ›

Residential treatment is when a child lives outside of the home situation 24/7 and lives in a controlled facility environment. Typically a child who needs this level of support has extreme behavior issues such as rage, aggression, acting out sexually, violence, crime, or very serious mental health issues.

On what grounds can social services remove a child? ›

What are the common reasons social services would want to remove a child from a family? There are many reasons why a child could be removed from their home and placed outside of family and friends, but common reasons include abuse, neglect, illness, or abandonment.

Who looked after children? ›

A child who has been in the care of their local authority for more than 24 hours is known as a looked after child. Looked after children are also often referred to as children in care, a term which many children and young people prefer.

What is a long term placement? ›

Related Definitions

Long-Term Placement means the provision of safe, nurturing and sustainable placements for Children and Young People for periods in excess of 18 months.

What is regulation 5 in children's homes? ›

2.5 Regulation 5(a) requires the registered person to 'seek to involve' the placing authority that places a looked-after child in the home, which in practice means working primarily with their statutory social worker.

What is Section 22 of the children's Act? ›

Section 22(3) of the Children Act 1989 sets out the general duty of the local authority looking after a child to safeguard and promote the welfare of the child. This duty underpins all activity by the local authority in relation to looked after children. This duty has become known as 'corporate parenting'.

What do Ofsted look for in children's homes? ›

Inspectors want to see evidence that staff know the children well, what they like and dislike, their fears and their joys. Staff who are focused on each child's personal wellbeing and continuous development. Staff who have the skills to be able to help children.

Why is therapeutic residential care important? ›

Therapeutic residential care seeks to provide a healing environment for children in statutory care that is sensitive and responsive to the trauma (see Box 3), attachment, loss and developmental history of the young person.

What are examples of therapeutic approaches? ›

Approaches to psychotherapy fall into five broad categories:
  • Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapies. ...
  • Behavior therapy. ...
  • Cognitive therapy. ...
  • Humanistic therapy. ...
  • Integrative or holistic therapy.

What is a therapeutic support plan? ›


PTSP is a planning process that focuses on the service user's individual's capabilities, positive traits rather than limitations of a service user. ​ ​ It focuses on the service user as a person and what is most important for him or her.​

What is the role of a key worker in residential care? ›

'The Key-Worker is the specified residential child care worker who is initially responsible for establishing a relationship with the newly arrived young person and creating an attachment with the young person in order that he or she can begin to feel safe in the home. '

What happens when a child is placed in foster care? ›

What happens in foster care? When you are put into foster care, you'll be placed with a foster family who have been specially chosen as people who are capable of providing you with a safe, stable environment. Your foster family will provide you with the chance to live in a secure, loving and caring home.

How often should a social worker visit a looked after child? ›

How often do I need to visit? Every six weeks in subsequent years unless the placement has been confirmed as the child's permanent placement (i.e. expected to last until the child is 18) when the frequency can drop to every three months, however this would need to be discussed and agreed by manager and IRO.

What is a residential care setting? ›

Residential care is a term used to describe the general care and support provided in a standard elderly care home. It can often be referred to as "personal care" or even "assisted living" and usually involves help with basic needs such as washing, dressing, mobility assistance and so on.

What is the difference between RTF and RTC? ›

Residential Treatment Facility (RTF): An RTF is similar to an RTC, but it provides more intense treatment and more services. RTFs are also generally smaller placements with more staff and mental health professionals on-site.

What do you do with a mentally unstable child? ›

Common treatment options for children who have mental health conditions include: Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is also known as talk therapy or behavior therapy. Psychotherapy is a way to address mental health concerns by talking with a psychologist or other mental health professional.

What is considered an unstable home for a child? ›

The child may reside in a home that is not physically safe or supportive; it may have no heat, electricity, water, sewer disposal. The house may be in general ill repair. The second physical instability comes from the physical interactions that occur between family members.

What does it mean when CPS red flags you? ›

Investigations which automatically meet the Red Flag designation are those investigations in which, at a minimum, critical injuries have occurred, a permanent or serious impairment may have occurred, or there has been a death or critical injury to another child in the family.

What do social services look for in a home? ›

Aside from having a clean and livable space, your social worker will also look to see if your home is free of any hazards. Make sure there is nothing that could make your home dangerous. This could mean ensuring wires are tucked away and unused outlets are covered.

What are the 4 main areas of abuse? ›

Child abuse is when anyone under the age of 18 is either being harmed or not properly looked after. There are four main categories of child abuse: physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and neglect. Find out more about each below, as well as the warning signs that a child may be being abused.

Who retains parental responsibility for a child in care? ›

Under Section 20 of the Act, the local authority has a duty to provide accommodation for 'children in need'. This accommodation– either in foster care, residential care or a kinship placement – can be long- or short-term, and does not involve the courts. The parent retains full parental responsibility.

What age can a child leave foster care? ›

Once a young person reaches their 18th birthday, they are legally no longer a looked after child and their placement with a foster family can no longer be classed as a foster placement.

Can I get my child back from long term foster care? ›

Parents have a right to formally request there turn of their child from foster care. This is usually done by filing a petition to terminate placement. Before you file a petition to terminate placement, you must make a formal request, either in person or by letter, to your Case Planner for the return of your child.

What expenses can foster carers claim? ›

Foster Carers Can Claim Expenses
  • Travel Allowance. ...
  • Initial Clothing Grant. ...
  • Festivities and Events. ...
  • Exceptional Educational Trips. ...
  • DVLA Disability Allowance. ...
  • Retainer Allowance. ...
  • 30 Hours Free Childcare. ...
  • Carer Holidays/Respite.

How often should foster carers be visited? ›

At least 6 weekly visits to active placements, i.e. where a foster child is being looked after; 8 weekly visits to in-active placements i.e. where there is no foster child being looked after; 3 monthly visits to carers on hold for any period longer than 3 months.

What is residential care for children in Ireland? ›

Children Residential Centres are often domestic homes in housing estates, in villages, towns and cities, and occasionally in rural areas. The centres typically have between 2 to 6 children, usually in their teens. The children attend local schools and take part in local sporting and community activities.

What is residential unit? ›

Housing units are residential units which are located in various types of structures. Other systems include residential homes, apartment buildings, and condo buildings. Sometimes, there can be several rooms in a large structure like a hotel or motel.

What issues do children in care face? ›

They may also suffer from mental health issues such as depression or anxiety, and struggle with psychological issues such as attachment disorder as they find it difficult to build close, secure, trusting relationships with people around them. Understandably, young people living in care often struggle at school.

What is special care tusla? ›

Special care units are secure, residential facilities for children in care aged between 11 and 17 years. They are detained under a High Court care order for a short-term period of stabilisation when their behaviour poses a real and substantial risk of harm to their life, health, safety, development or welfare.

What is a section 18 care order? ›

Care order. 18.—(1) Where, on the application of a health board with respect to a child who resides or is found in its area, the court is satisfied that— (a) the child has been or is being assaulted, ill-treated, neglected or sexually abused, or.

What is a Section 12 in Ireland? ›

Possession of treasonable, seditious, or incriminating documents. 12. —(1) It shall not be lawful for any person to have any treasonable document, seditious document, or incriminating document in his possession or on any lands or premises owned or occupied by him or under his control.

What are the different types of care orders? ›

Care Orders can either be interim (also referred to as ICOs) or final (either referred to as Care Order or full Care Order). These can only be applied for by the local authority or the NSPCC, but in reality it is only the local authority that make applications.

What's the difference between a house and a unit? ›

Are there any ownership differences in owning a unit or house? The main difference is that when you buy a unit, there are areas of common ownership in the complex. This is controlled by the body corporate/strata company, of which you will be a member.

What is the difference between a unit and an apartment? ›

1. A unit is the measure of housing which is equivalent to the living quarters of a household, while an apartment is self-contained housing that is located in a building. 2. A unit has separate utilities, while an apartment can have utilities that are shared by the tenants.

What is a one to four unit residential property? ›

One to Four Family Residential Contract (Resale) (Form ID: 20-16) 09/01/2021. Description: This is the most frequently used contract form. It is used for the resale of residential properties that are either a single family home, a duplex, a tri-plex or a four-plex.

What are the 4 main areas of abuse? ›

Child abuse is when anyone under the age of 18 is either being harmed or not properly looked after. There are four main categories of child abuse: physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and neglect. Find out more about each below, as well as the warning signs that a child may be being abused.

What are the 2 main problems we face in the care of looked after children? ›

Peer violence and abuse

Many looked after children have previous experiences of violence, abuse or neglect. This can lead to them displaying challenging behaviour and having problems forming secure relationships. Some find it hard to develop positive peer relationships.

What are some specific challenges faced by children living in residential care? ›

The same study found that one-third of former foster care youth had mental health disorders including depression, dysthymia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), social phobia, alcohol abuse, alcohol dependence, substance abuse, or substance dependence. Lack of access to health care.

How often should a social worker visit a looked after child? ›

How often do I need to visit? Every six weeks in subsequent years unless the placement has been confirmed as the child's permanent placement (i.e. expected to last until the child is 18) when the frequency can drop to every three months, however this would need to be discussed and agreed by manager and IRO.

What is a full care order section 31? ›

Section 31 of the Children Act 1989 – Care Order

The court can create a care order under Section 31(1) (a) of the Children Act, placing a child in the care of a designated local authority, with parental responsibility being shared between the parents and the local authority.

Under what circumstances can social services remove a child? ›

Can social services take my child away? Social services will usually only take a child away from their parents if they believe that the child is at risk of harm or neglect in their current circumstances. They are obliged to investigate any complaints or concerns reported to them.


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