Elder Abuse - seniors_selfhelp (2023)

Elder Abuse - seniors_selfhelp (1)
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Elder Abuse - seniors_selfhelp (2)

Are You in Danger Now? If you need help right now, call “911.”

What Is Elder or Dependent Adult Abuse?

Abuse of an elder or a dependent adult is abuse of:

  • Someone 65 years old or older; or
  • A dependent adult, who is someone between 18 and 64 that has certain mental or physical disabilities that keep him or her from being able to do normal activities or protect himself or herself.

The law says elder or dependent adult abuse is:

  • Physical abuse, neglect, financial abuse, abandonment, isolation, abduction (taking the person out of the state against his or her will), or other behavior that causes physical harm, pain, or mental suffering; OR
  • Deprivation by a caregiver of things or services that the elder or dependent adult needs to avoid physical harm or mental suffering.

Read about the law in Welfare and Institutions Code section 15610.07.

If you are an elderly person or a dependent adult being abused in any of these ways or you feel afraid or controlled by a family member, a spouse/partner or former spouse/partner, or a caregiver, it may help you to talk to a counselor, even if you do not want (or are not sure if you want) to ask for legal protection. Find counselors and resources in your county.

(Video) Elder Abuse

Elder or Dependent Adult Abuse Restraining Orders

You can ask for an elder or dependent adult abuse restraining order if:

  • You are 65 or older, OR
  • You are between 18 and 64 and have certain mental or physical disabilities that keep you from being able to do normal activities or protect yourself;


  • You are a victim of:
    • Physical or financial abuse,
    • Neglect or abandonment,
    • Treatment that has physically or mentally hurt you, or
    • Deprivation (withholding) by a caregiver of basic things or services you need so you will not suffer physically, mentally, or emotionally.

It is possible that you may qualify for an elder or dependent adult abuse restraining order AND a domestic violence restraining order (like if the person abusing you is a spouse or partner, or a child or grandchild). If this is your case, talk to a lawyer or legal aid agency to find out what is the best option for you. Your local domestic violence agency or local legal services offices may be able to help you.

Your court’s family law facilitator or self-help center may also be able to help you or refer you to someone in your area who can.

If you do not qualify for an elder or dependent adult abuse restraining order, there are other kinds of orders you can ask for:

  • Domestic violence restraining order (for protection from people you were involved with romantically at some point or close family members). Find more information on getting a domestic violence order.
  • Civil harassment restraining order (can be used for neighbors, roommates, coworkers, or more distant family members like cousins, uncles/aunts, etc.). Find more information on getting a getting acivil harassmentorder.
  • Workplace violence restraining order (filed by an employer to protect an employee from violence, stalking, or harassment by another person). Find more information on getting a getting a workplace violence order.

If you are not sure what kind of restraining order you should get, talk to a lawyer, your court’s family law facilitator or self-help center. Click for help finding a lawyer.

What a restraining order CAN do

A restraining order is a court order. It can order the restrained person to:

  • Not contact or go near you, your children, other relatives, or others who live with you;
  • Stay away from your home, work, or other places you go to a lot;
  • Move out of your house (even if you live together); and
  • Not have a gun.

Once the court issues (makes) a restraining order, it goes into a statewide computer system. This means that law enforcement officers across California can see there is a restraining order in place.

Effect of a restraining order on the restrained person

For the person to be restrained, the consequences of having a court order against him or her can be very severe:

  • He or she will not be able to go to certain places or to do certain things.
  • He or she might have to move out of his or her home.
  • He or she will generally not be able to own a gun. (He or she will have to turn in, sell or store any firearms he or she has and not buy a gun while the restraining order is in effect.)
  • The restraining order may affect his or her immigration status. If you are worried about this, talk to an immigration lawyer to find out if you will be affected.

If the person to be restrained violates the restraining order, he or she may go to jail, or pay a fine, or both.

Types of Restraining Orders

Emergency Protective Order (EPO)
An EPO is a type of restraining order that only law enforcement can ask for by calling a judge. Judges are available to issue EPOs 24 hours a day. So a police officer that answers a call because of serious violence or a serious threat can ask a judge for an emergency protective order at any time of the day or night. In elder and dependent adult abuse cases, you can ask for an EPO, but not if the sole abuse you are suffering is financial abuse.

(Video) Elder Abuse: The Crime of the Twenty-First Century? - Research on Aging

The emergency protective order starts right away and can last up to 7 days. The judge can order the abusive person to leave the home and stay away from the victim for up to a week. That gives the victim of the abuse enough time to go to court to file for a temporary restraining order.

To get a more permanent order, you must ask the court for a temporary restraining order (also called a “TRO”).

Temporary Restraining Order (TRO)
When you go to court to ask for a domestic violence restraining order, you fill out paperwork where you tell the judge everything that has happened and why you need a restraining order. If the judge believes you need protection, he or she will give you a temporary restraining order.

Temporary restraining orders usually last about 20 to 25 days, until your court hearing date.

“Permanent” Restraining Order (Restraining Order After Hearing)
When you go to court for the hearing that was scheduled for your TRO, the judge may issue a “permanent” restraining order. They are not really “permanent” because they usually last up to5 years.

At the end of those5 years (or whenever your order runs out), you can ask for a new restraining order so you remain protected.

Criminal Protective Order or “Stay Away” Order
Sometimes, when there is an incident of violence or other elder or dependent adult abuse (or series of incidents), the district attorney will file criminal charges against the abuser.

This starts a criminal court case going. It is common for the criminal court to issue a criminal protective order against the defendant (the person who is committing the violence and abuse) while the criminal case is going on, and, if the defendant is found guilty or pleads guilty, for3 years after the case is over.

The Restraining Order Process

When people ask for an elder or dependent adult abuse restraining order in court, they have to file court forms telling the judge what orders they want and why. What happens after that varies a little from court to court, but the general steps in the court case are:

1. The person wanting protection (or a court-approved guardian or conservator of the protected person) files court forms asking for the restraining order. There is NO fee to file.

2. The judge will decide whether or not to make the order by the next business day. Sometimes the judge decides sooner.

(Video) Elder Abuse - What You Need To Know

3. If the judge grants (gives) the orders requested, he or she will first make “temporary” orders that only last until the court date. The court date will be on the paperwork. These temporary orders can include issues like:

  • Ordering the restrained person to stay away from the protected person (and other protected people);
  • Ordering the restrained person not to have any contact with the protected person (and other protected people); and
  • Ordering the restrained person to leave the home if he or she lives with the protected person.

4. The person asking for protection will have to “serve” the other person with a copy of all the restraining order papers before the court date. This means that someone 18 or older (NOT involved in the case) must hand-deliver a copy of all the papers to the restrained person.

5. The restrained person has the right to file an answer to the restraining order request, explaining his or her side of the story.

6. Both sides go to the court hearing.

  • If the protected person does not go to the hearing, the temporary restraining order will usually end that day and there will NOT be a restraining order.
  • If the restrained person does not go to the hearing, he or she will have no input in the case and his or her side of the story will not be taken into account.

7. At the hearing, the judge will decide to continue or cancel the temporary restraining order. If the judge decides to extend the temporary order, the “permanent” order may last for up to5 years.

Read Asking for a Restraining Order for detailed instructions on how to ask for an elder or dependent adult abuse restraining order.

Read Responding to a Restraining Order for detailed instructions on how to answer a request for an elder or dependent adult abuse restraining order.

Getting Help

You do not need a lawyer to ask for (or respond to) a restraining order. BUT it is a good idea to have a lawyer, especially if you need special assistance of any kind.

The court process can be confusing and intimidating. Both people will have to see each other in court, and both will have to tell the judge details of what happened in a public courtroom. Having a lawyer can help make the process easier to handle.

Click on a topic below for more resources where you can get help:

  • For the person asking for protection
  • For the person responding to a restraining order
  • Other resources

For the person asking for protection

(Video) Elder Abuse | Legal Issues Facing Seniors

Most cities or counties have legal aid agencies that help people ask for an elder or dependent adult abuse restraining order. These services are usually free or very low cost. Look for help in your area before you try to do it on your own.

Some places to start are:

Your court’s family law facilitator or self-help center may also be able to help you with the restraining order.

For the person responding to a restraining order

It is more difficult to find free or low-cost legal help if you are responding to a request for an elder or dependent adult abuse restraining order. But you should still try since legal aid agencies have different guidelines, and your local bar association may have a volunteer lawyer program that can help you. Click for help finding a lawyer. Your court’s family law facilitator or self-help center may also be able to help you.

Other Resources

For victims of domestic violence

  • National Domestic Violence Hotline
    TDD: 1-800-787-3224

    Call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. They can help you in more than 100 languages. It is free and private.

    The National Domestic Violence Hotline links you to the following resources in your community:

    • Domestic violence shelters
    • Emergency shelters
    • Legal help
    • Social service programs

    The website also provides a lot of information to help you and your children stay safe and get protection.

  • Futures Without Violence

  • Covers many topics, including information on domestic violence as it relates to health care, immigration, children, and housing.

For perpetrators of domestic violence

(Video) Elder Abuse: Risk Factors and Warning signs


Who is the most common abuser of the elderly? ›

In almost 60% of elder abuse and neglect incidents, the perpetrator is a family member. Two thirds of perpetrators are adult children or spouses.

What is the 2nd most common form of elder abuse? ›

Psychological abuse is the second most common form of elder abuse after neglect. It often consists of purposeful verbal or nonverbal infliction of emotional or mental anguish.

What are 2 definitions of elder abuse? ›

Abandonment is leaving an older adult who needs help alone without planning for his or her care. Sexual abuse involves a caregiver forcing an older adult to watch or be part of sexual acts. Financial abuse happens when money or belongings are stolen from an older adult.

How do I report elderly neglect? ›

Local authorities have social workers who deal specifically with cases of abuse and neglect. Call the person's local council and ask for the adult safeguarding co-ordinator. You can also speak to the police about the situation. Some forms of abuse are crimes, so the police will be interested.

What are 5 signs of elder abuse? ›

Watch for these signs of abuse:
  • Seems depressed, confused, or withdrawn.
  • Isolated from friends and family.
  • Has unexplained bruises, burns, or scars.
  • Appears dirty, underfed, dehydrated, over-or undermedicated, or not receiving needed care for medical problems.
  • Has bed sores or other preventable conditions.

What are the 7 types of elder abuse? ›

The 7 types of elder abuse are:
  • Neglect.
  • Physical abuse.
  • Sexual abuse.
  • Abandonment.
  • Emotional or psychological abuse.
  • Financial abuse.
  • Self-neglect.
9 May 2022

What are the four major factors of elder abuse? ›

A combination of individual, relational, community, and societal factors contribute to the risk of becoming a perpetrator of elder abuse. They are contributing factors and may or may not be direct causes. Understanding these factors can help identify various opportunities for prevention.

What is the root cause of elder abuse? ›

Whether intentional or not, abuse may occur as a result of ignorance surrounding the aging process and the needs of elderly people. Abuse and Neglect can result from the false negative stereotype of older adults having no useful role, combined with non-acceptance of the increasing dependence that can accompany old age.

What is the greatest challenge of elder abuse? ›

Barriers to reporting elder abuse are numerous: fear of retribution, isolation, rationalizing abusers' behaviors, dependency of the abuser on the victimized older adult, reluctance to report family members' abuse for fear of institutionalization are common identifiers.

What are 6 signs of elder abuse? ›

What Are the Warning Signs of Elder Abuse?
  • Injuries such as bruises, cuts, or broken bones.
  • Malnourishment or weight loss.
  • Poor hygiene.
  • Symptoms of anxiety, depression, or confusion.
  • Unexplained transactions or loss of money.
  • Withdrawal from family members or friends.
8 Jan 2020

What are the 3 most common forms of abuse? ›

Types and Signs of Abuse
  • Physical abuse is intentional bodily injury. ...
  • Sexual abuse is nonconsensual sexual contact (any unwanted sexual contact). ...
  • Mental mistreatment or emotional abuse is deliberately causing mental or emotional pain.

What are the 6 types of abuse definition? ›

Types of abuse include; physical, sexual, psychological, verbal, emotional and mental, financial and spiritual.

What to do if someone is taking advantage of the elderly? ›

Here are some steps to consider taking:
  1. Talk to the older person. ...
  2. Gather more information or evidence as to what is occurring. ...
  3. Contact the older person's financial institution. ...
  4. Contact your local Adult Protective Services (APS) office. ...
  5. Contact law enforcement.

What can you do with an uncooperative elderly parent? ›

18 General Tips for Dealing With Stubborn, Aging Parents
  • Be persistent. ...
  • Avoid power struggles — pick your battles. ...
  • Be sensitive. ...
  • Know that timing is everything. ...
  • Stay calm. ...
  • Seek outside help — for yourself. ...
  • Spend more time with them. ...
  • Ask questions.

How do I report an unstable mother? ›

Call 0808 800 5000

It's free and you don't have to say who you are. Calls are free from landlines and most mobiles.

How do you prove emotional elder abuse? ›

Some indicators that emotional elder abuse may be occurring include:
  1. Agitation.
  2. Avoidance of eye contact with a specific caregiver.
  3. Confusion that is unrelated to any health problems.
  4. Cowering when the abuser is around.
  5. Fear.
  6. Increasing depression.
  7. Nervousness.
  8. Passivity.
24 Jun 2021

Which are the 3 main warning signs that someone may be an abuser? ›

What Are the "Warning Signs" of an Abuser?
  • Extreme jealousy.
  • Possessiveness.
  • Unpredictability.
  • A bad temper.
  • Cruelty to animals.
  • Verbal abuse.
  • Extremely controlling behavior.
  • Antiquated beliefs about roles of women and men in relationships.

Is yelling at a senior elder abuse? ›

Emotional elder abuse takes place when an older person suffers harm through insults, yelling, or verbal harassment. It is also referred to as elder psychological abuse. Emotional abuse may be one of the most common forms of elder mistreatment.

What is the most common form of abuse in adults? ›

Some of the most common forms of abuse in adults include:

Emotional Abuse and Psychological Abuse. Neglect. Self-neglect. Financial or Material Abuse.

What are the 5 most common types abuse? ›

6 Different Types of Abuse
  1. Physical. This is the type of abuse that many people think of when they hear the word 'abuse. ...
  2. Sexual. ...
  3. Verbal/Emotional. ...
  4. Mental/Psychological. ...
  5. Financial/Economic. ...
  6. Cultural/Identity.

What is a red flag for elder abuse? ›

Some of the Red Flag warning signs of physical abuse may include inadequately explained fractures, bruises, cuts or burns. Red Flag warning signs of psychological abuse may include the isolation of an elder or actions by a caregiver that are verbally aggressive or demeaning, controlling behavior or neglect.

What are the characteristics of the victim of elder abuse? ›

Elder abuse can have several physical and emotional effects on an older adult. Victims are fearful and anxious. They may have problems with trust and be wary of others. Many victims suffer physical injuries.

What are the 5 areas of abuse? ›

5 main types of abuse
  • • Physical. This harm is not accidental. ...
  • • Emotional. This is sometimes called psychological abuse. ...
  • • Neglect. This is the persistent failure to meet a child's basic physical and/or psychological needs. ...
  • • Sexual. The age of consent is 16years old. ...
  • • Bullying. ...
  • Want more?
13 Jun 2019

What common signs would indicate abuse has taken place? ›

Some common signs that there may be something concerning happening in a child's life include:
  • unexplained changes in behaviour or personality.
  • becoming withdrawn.
  • seeming anxious.
  • becoming uncharacteristically aggressive.
  • lacks social skills and has few friends, if any.
  • poor bond or relationship with a parent.

What tool is best for assessing elder abuse? ›

EM Screening Instruments
  • Brief Abuse Screen for the Elderly (BASE) ...
  • Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) ...
  • Elder Assessment Instrument (EAI) ...
  • Health, Attitudes Toward Aging, Living Arrangements, and Finances (HALF) Assessment. ...
  • Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test (H-S/EAST) ...
  • Indicators of Abuse (IOA) Screen.

What is passive neglect? ›

Passive neglect is the non-willful failure to fulfill care-taking responsibilities because of inadequate caregiver knowledge, infirmity, or disputing the value of prescribed services.

What are the four steps in responding to elder abuse? ›

Listen to the person, acknowledge what they are saying and validate their feelings. Determine the level of urgency – is it an emergency, urgent call 000 or non-urgent? Follow agency procedures, including informing line managers. Take steps to safeguard the older person and others in any response to the abuse.

What are the four characteristics of abusers? ›

Characteristics of Abusers
  • Keeps track of what you are doing all the time and criticizes you for little things.
  • Constantly accuses you of being unfaithful.
  • Prevents or discourages you from seeing friends or family, or going to work or school.
  • Gets angry when drinking alcohol or using drugs.

What are four signs of emotional abuse? ›

5 Signs of Emotional Abuse
  • They are Hyper-Critical or Judgmental Towards You. ...
  • They Ignore Boundaries or Invade Your Privacy. ...
  • They are Possessive and/or Controlling. ...
  • They are Manipulative. ...
  • They Often Dismiss You and Your Feelings.
23 May 2017

What are the 12 signs of abuse? ›

12 Signs You're In An Emotionally Abusive Relationship
  • You tiptoe around your partner. ...
  • You say “I'm sorry” excessively. ...
  • You're reluctant to call out your partner. ...
  • You're frequently told you “over-react”. ...
  • Your partner brushes off their own poor behaviour. ...
  • Your partner uses put-downs or ignores you.
19 Feb 2020

What is the most difficult form of abuse? ›

Verbal Abuse

It is one of the most difficult forms of abuse to prove because it does not leave physical scars or other evidence, but it is nonetheless hurtful. Verbal abuse may occur in schools or workplaces as well as in families.

What are 5 emotional abuse examples? ›

Types of emotional abuse
  • humiliating or constantly criticising a child.
  • threatening, shouting at a child or calling them names.
  • making the child the subject of jokes, or using sarcasm to hurt a child.
  • blaming and scapegoating.
  • making a child perform degrading acts.

What 3 types of abuse should always be reported? ›

Physical, sexual, and emotional abuse are some of the most known types of abuse: Physical abuse is when someone hurts another person's body. It includes hitting, shaking, burning, pinching, biting, choking, throwing, beating, and other actions that cause physical injury, leave marks, or cause pain.

What are seven signs that could indicate abuse? ›

Signs and symptoms of physical abuse include but are not limited to:
  • bruises, black eyes, welts, lacerations, and rope marks.
  • bone fractures, broken bones, and skull fractures.
  • open wounds, cuts, punctures, untreated injuries in various stages of healing.
  • sprains, dislocations, and internal injuries/bleeding.

What are the 13 types of abuse? ›

  • Bullying and cyberbullying. Find out more.
  • Child sexual exploitation. Find out more.
  • Child trafficking. Find out more.
  • Criminal exploitation and gangs. Find out more.
  • Domestic abuse. Find out more.
  • Emotional abuse. Find out more.
  • Female genital mutilation. Find out more.
  • Grooming. Find out more.

How do you deal with toxic elderly? ›

Options for Handling a Toxic Elderly Parent's Care
  1. Begin going to therapy. Discussing your past and working through your feelings with a trained counselor can be a helpful exercise. ...
  2. Read The Four Things That Matter Most: A Book About Living. ...
  3. Hire help. ...
  4. Consider guardianship. ...
  5. Accept their flaws.
27 Apr 2022

What are the five most crucial rights of the elderly? ›

Senior Rights
  • Right to be Free to Exercise Civil Rights Under the Law. ...
  • Right to Dignity and Respect. ...
  • Right to Designate a Guardian or Representative. ...
  • Right to be Free from Physical and Mental Abuse. ...
  • Right to Communicate and Complain Regarding Treatment, Care or Services. ...
  • Right to Privacy. ...
  • Right to Participation in Activities.

What are two warning signs of potential elder financial exploitation? ›

Warning signs of financial exploitation
  • Sudden changes in bank accounts or banking practices, including an unexplained withdrawal of large sums of money by a person accompanying the older adult.
  • The inclusion of additional names on an older adult's bank signature card.

Can social services force elderly into care? ›

They can do this if the needs identified by social care needs assessment are not being met at home, if they could endanger other members of their household, or they no longer have the mental capacity to make decisions for themselves.

How do you deal with an aggressive elderly parent? ›

Don't show anger, fear, alarm or anxiety, even if you feel it. Showing these emotions could increase the senior's agitation and escalate the situation. Speak using a calm, reassuring voice. Acknowledge the senior's feelings and listen to what they are saying.

What to do when an elderly person Cannot take care of themselves? ›

In-home caregiving help – whether you hire privately or go through a home care agency, hired caregivers take care of seniors in their home. Assisted living communities – if your parent isn't able to live on their own or needs 24/7 care, assisted living and other senior housing options might be the right choice.

What happens when a parent is reported to social services? ›

The helpline team will make a report and share information with social services. They might also contact local police if the child is in immediate danger. If the helpline don't need to make a referral, they'll give you advice on what you can do or information on local services.

What is a negligent mother? ›

Uninvolved parenting, sometimes referred to as neglectful parenting, is a style characterized by a lack of responsiveness to a child's needs. Uninvolved parents make few to no demands of their children and they are often indifferent, dismissive, or even completely neglectful.

What is considered an unstable household? ›

Family instability refers to changes in parents' residential and romantic partnerships, such as marriage, divorce, and romantic partners moving in or out of the home.

Which group is at the highest risk for elder abuse? ›

Surprisingly, most of the mistreatment of the elderly comes from family members in the patient's own home. Those at the greatest risk for elder abuse are home-bound elders, women, individuals older than 80, and those who live in isolated conditions.

Who is most at risk for elder abuse? ›

Individual Risk Factors
  • Current physical health problem.
  • Past experience of disruptive behavior.
  • Past experience of traumatic events.
  • High levels of stress.
  • Poor or inadequate preparation or training for caregiving responsibilities.
  • Inadequate coping skills.
  • Exposure to or witnessing abuse as a child.
  • Social isolation.

Who is most likely to exploit elders? ›

Who Financially Exploits Seniors?
  • Family Members. One study found that more than 90 percent of financial abusers were family members or close friends. ...
  • Nursing Home Staff and Caretakers. ...
  • Strangers.

Who are the most common abusers? ›

1 The adult may be a relative, caregiver, step-parent, religious figure, coach, or babysitter, though the majority of perpetrators are parents of the child. In the United States, children experience child abuse or neglect at a rate of 8.9 per 1,000 children.

What is the most common cause of elder abuse? ›

Common personal problems among caregivers that can lead to elder abuse include the following: Being under excessive stress due to chronic fatigue. Having an overwhelming amount of daily responsibilities. Suffering from illicit drug abuse, including the excessive use of alcohol.

What is the fastest growing form of elder abuse? ›

Financial abuse is reportedly the fastest-growing form of elder abuse, leaving many Americans vulnerable to theft scams, and putting businesses and other organizations on the frontlines to provide protection and help prevent fraud losses.

Where does elder abuse happen the most? ›

As over 90% of older adults reside in the community (as opposed to various forms of congregate living situations), most elder abuse is occurring among older adults living in the community.

What are signs that an elderly person is suffering from abuse? ›

Signs and symptoms of elder abuse can include:

Injuries such as bruises, cuts, or broken bones. Malnourishment or weight loss. Poor hygiene. Symptoms of anxiety, depression, or confusion.

What are three 3 signs that may indicate that elder abuse is taking place at a healthcare facility? ›

General Evidence of Abuse
  • Having unexplained broken bones, dislocations or sprains.
  • Bruising, scars or welts seen on the body.
  • Failing to take medications properly.
  • Signs of restraint, such as rope marks on the elder's wrist.
  • Broken eyeglasses.
  • The refusal of the caregiver to let you be alone with the elderly person.
3 Mar 2021

How do you stop someone from taking advantage of the elderly? ›

Here are some steps to consider taking:
  1. Talk to the older person. ...
  2. Gather more information or evidence as to what is occurring. ...
  3. Contact the older person's financial institution. ...
  4. Contact your local Adult Protective Services (APS) office. ...
  5. Contact law enforcement.

Which type of elder abuse is the most unreported? ›

The U.S. Justice Department notes that caregiver neglect is the most unreported type of abuse, with 1 out of every 57 cases being reported. Neglect is also one of the most common types of elder abuse.

What are 3 characteristics of abusers? ›

Red flags and warning signs of an abuser include but are not limited to:
  • Extreme jealousy.
  • Possessiveness.
  • Unpredictability.
  • A bad temper.
  • Cruelty to animals.
  • Verbal abuse.
  • Extremely controlling behavior.
  • Antiquated beliefs about roles of women and men in relationships.

What type of abuse is the hardest to detect? ›

Emotional abuse often coexists with other forms of abuse, and it is the most difficult to identify. Many of its potential consequences, such as learning and speech problems and delays in physical development, can also occur in children who are not being emotionally abused.


1. Elder Abuse
(The Senior Circle)
2. Elder Abuse Awareness - Lack of self care
(Shasta HHSA)
3. Elder Abuse Restraining Orders | Protecting Seniors
(Hackard Law)
4. World Elder Abuse Awareness Day Commemoration: Build Strong Support for Older Adults
(Elder Justice Initiative)
5. Elder Abuse and Neglect: What You Should Know
(Nex-Tech ℠)
6. Elder Abuse Five Case Studies
(TNF Film)
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